Over the years, people of the Mithila region of northern Bihar and south – eastern Nepal have developed a distinctive form of folk painting on the walls and floors of their homes. Originally a form of bhitti – chitra or wall art, this ancient art form of Madhubani is a heritage rooted in the rhythms of Hindu ritual life. Predominantly a feminine expression, the themes and motifs of Madhubani are drawn from a palette of mythical figures, Gods and Goddesses, ritual activity and very importantly, local flora and fauna. The region of Mithila abounds in marshes and ponds from where the women draw their staple motifs of lotus,
fish, turtles, snakes and other elements of aquatic life. Generally, Mithila or Madhubani paintings are identified by the fact that no space in the painting is left uncovered. The colours are bright, vibrant and eye catching.