Mud and mirror work is known as Lippan Kaam. It is a traditional mural craft of Kutch. It is also called Chittar Kaam. Various communities in Kutch do mud-relief work and have their own distinct style of Lippan Kaam. This makes it even harder to trace the roots of Lippan Kaam. Most communities in Kutch live in circular mud houses known as Bhungas, made of clay alone or bamboo chips plastered with lipan, a mixture of clay and dung. Equal proportion of dung and clay are mixed and kneaded to form the dough used for Lipan Kaam. For mural work small portions of the dough are taken and shaped into cylinders of varying thickness by rolling between the palms or on the floor. This is then pasted on to the moist surface i.e. the wall or wooden panel on which the decorative artwork is to be done. Each artwork usually starts by using the dough to first create lines that define the boundary of the artwork.